The Prevalence of
in Mental Health
As we have seen, there is gender bias in the theories underlying the mental health field. How is this translated, what forms does it take in the actual delivery of mental health services, the therapist-patient relationship? We now look at evidence of frequent biases in the work of therapists, evidence gathered in different ways and under different circumstances, which independently verifies the gravity of discrimination against women.
We begin this section with two papers that may be regarded as classics, in that they are widely read and frequently cited. Chapter 7 is the 1970 study by Broverman and associates in which mental health professionals were asked to denote characteristics of the healthy female, the healthy male, and the healthy adult. It was discovered that clinicians held different standards of mental health for women than for men.
Chapter 8 is the report of a Task Force of the American Psychologi