War on Two Fronts: Shiloh to Gettysburg

By John Cannan | Go to book overview

FREDERICK L. HITCHCOCK


Hooker Takes Command

A major in the 132nd Regiment of the Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Frederick L. Hitchcock was mustered in as an adjutant of the unit only to find himself in control of a large body of troops with hardly any experience in command. Winning its baptism by fire at Antietam and participating in the action at Fredericksburg, where Hitchcock received two wounds, the regiment went on to fight its final battle at Chancellorsville. After publishing his account of battlefield experiences as installments in a local paper, Hitchcock compiled the articles into a book, War from the Inside, from which this selection is taken.

General Burnside was relieved from command of the army on the 26th of January 1863, and was succeeded by Major-General Joseph Hooker. "Fighting Joe," as familiarly called, was justly popular with the army, nevertheless there was general regret at the retirement of Burnside, notwithstanding his ill success.

That there was more than the "fates" against him was felt by many and whether under existing conditions "Fighting Joe" or any one else was likely to achieve any better success was a serious question. However, all felt that the new commander had lots of fight in him, and the old Army of the Potomac was never known to "go back" on such a man. His advent as commander was signalized by a modest order announcing the fact, and matters moved on without a ripple upon the surface. Routine work, drills, and picket duty occupied all our time. Some of our men were required to go on picket duty every other day so many were off duty from sickness and other causes. Twenty-four hours on picket duty, with only twenty-four hours off between, was certainly very severe duty, yet the men did it without a murmur. When it is understood that this duty required being that whole time out in the most trying weather, usually either rain, sleet, slush, or mud, and constantly awake and alert against

-214-

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War on Two Fronts: Shiloh to Gettysburg
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents *
  • Preface to the Series 9
  • Chapter I - Fort Henry and Fort Donelson *
  • Gunboats on the Tennessee 13
  • The Defense of Fort Donelson 18
  • Fort Donelson Surrenders 27
  • Chapter II - Pea Ridge *
  • Bloody Arkansas 56
  • Chapter III - Shiloh *
  • U.S. Grant Shiloh 62
  • Shiloha Private's View 76
  • Behind Confederate Lines 89
  • Drummer Boy of Shiloh 103
  • Chapter IX - Kentucky Invaded *
  • The Iuka-Corinth Campaign 106
  • A Yankee in Mississippi 125
  • My Old Kentucky Home 135
  • When Johnny Comes Marching Home 136
  • Chapter V - Vicksburg *
  • The Perryville Campaign 138
  • Charge of the First Tennessee at Perryville 161
  • On to Vicksburg.. 165
  • Champion Hills and Black River 178
  • Capturing Vicksburg 190
  • Treating the Wounded at Vicksburg 203
  • Chapter VI - Chancellorsville *
  • Hooker Takes Command 214
  • The Chancellorsville Campaign 222
  • Lee Triumphant 238
  • Routing the Yankees 271
  • Jackson's Mortal Wound 283
  • Misadventures in the Wilderness 292
  • Behind Confederate Lines 302
  • Chapter VII - The Road to Gettysburg *
  • Riding with J.E.B Stuart 310
  • On to Gettysburg 326
  • The Iron Brigade's Great Battle 330
  • Chapter VIII - The Second Day of Slaughter *
  • Gettysburgthe Second Day 342
  • The Stand of the 20th Maine 357
  • Until God Stopped Them.. 365
  • Both Sides Were Whipped .. 371
  • On the Attack against Sickles 375
  • Under Fire 383
  • Chapter IX - Highwater Mark of the Confederacy *
  • In Pickett's Ranks 390
  • All This Has Been My Fault.. 395
  • Retreat from Gettysburg 401
  • The Girl I Left behind 411
  • When This Cruel War Is over 412
  • Sources 413
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