Love at First Sight: 1939–1945
coordinate weapons development and medical care for the U.S. military
as World War II approached.
The Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) was the product of the leaders of the U.S. scientific community, among them Vannevar Bush, former vice president of engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, head of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and director of the National Defense Research Committee (NDRC). Bush's principal colleagues were James B. Conant, a distinguished chemist and president of Harvard University; Frank B. Jewett, director of Bell Telephone Laboratories and president of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences; and Karl T. Compton, president of MIT. A. N. Richards, vice president for medical affairs of the University of Pennsylvania, was chairman of the OSRD'S Committee on Medical Research. These individuals had earned the trust and respect of American scientists, but, most important, they had the support of the White House, from which the official and financial strength of the OSRD would eventually come. Together, they created a centralized, civilian