HOME TO ROOST
The New Dealers were uneasily aware that the war's timing, from a political point of view, was not propitious. Midterm elections were scheduled for November, 1942, and the stream of military disasters that cascaded into America from the Atlantic and the Pacific did not make for happy voters. Sam Rayburn, the Speaker of the House, told Roosevelt that Americans were very upset because the U.S. had failed to thrash Japan in six weeks—a graphic example of how deeply ingrained was the country's conviction that the Japanese were an inferior people. 1 In June of 1942, Time acidly observed that in the first six months after Pearl Harbor, the United States had "not taken a single inch of enemy territory, not yet beaten the enemy in a major battle on land, nor yet opened an offensive campaign."