The Supreme Court dealt with homosexuality in the following cases, listed chronologically. A case summary is provided only for cases not detailed in the text. Cases not directly involving homosexuality are bracketed.
ONE Inc. v. Olesen, postmaster of Los Angeles. Reversed lower court decision censoring homosexual magazine, Jan. 13, 1958.
Franklin Edward Kameny v. Wilber M. Brucker, secretary of the Army, et al. Cert denied, March 20, 1961.
Womack United States. Cert denied, March 27, 1961.
Shields v. Sharp, secretary of the Air Force. Cert denied, May 8, 1961. Joseph Shields, civilian chief of personnel statistics for the Air Force, fired for "immoral conduct off duty," specifically, allegedly having sex with a Navy officer, attending a party with "known homosexuals" and living at a "known hangout" for homosexuals.
[Poe v. Ullman. Dismissed, June 19, 1961.]
Manual Enterprise Inc. et al. v. J. Edward Day, postmaster general of the United States. Reversed lower court decision censoring homosexual magazine, June 25, 1962.
Williams v. Zuckert, secretary of the Air Force. Cert dismissed as improvidently granted, Jan. 14, 1963. Dismissal vacated and case returned to lower court, April 22, 1963. Daniel Alton Williams, recreation supervisor at the Air Force Academy, fired after being accused of three homosexual assaults and destruction of property; case focused not on homosexuality but on whether proper procedures were followed in administrative hearing.
Caplan v. Korth, secretary of the Navy. Cert denied, May 13, 1963. Purchasing clerk Eugene S. Caplan fired from Navy Department for "immoral and disgraceful conduct," specifically for allegedly having four homosexual encounters including one in which he was raped.
Rosenberg v. Fleuti. Lower court ruling vacated with instructions that homosexual immigrant George Fleuti was not to be deported unless his afternoon trip abroad was for a nefarious purpose, June 17, 1963.
Poore et al. v. Mayer. Cert denied, Dec. 7, 1964. Four men arrested on sodomy charges after police videotaped activities inside Mansfield, Ohio, restroom.