JAMES F. PETRAS
THIS essay will attempt to synthesize some of the relevant findings on class structure and politics and to speculate on the future prospects of some of the significant strata in Latin America. We will discuss primarily the political behavior of classes and segments within each class and the impact of inter- and intra-class relationships on political development.
AND THE CLASS STRUCTURE
Industrialization has not been a decisive factor in the development of the class structure of Latin America. Urbanization, bureaucratization, commercialization of agriculture and the influence of external social, economic, and political forces have had a more significant effect on the emerging social structure. Industrialization has taken place largely in an environment established by other processes and forces.
The factory-employed working class emerged as a social force in most Latin American countries comparatively late in history. 1 Until World War I the urban industrial working class was almost exclusively composed of artisans in small workshops. Nuclei of workers employed in foreign-owned economic enclaves were found only in the larger countries, namely Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Chile. On the average, the artisan____________________