Originally, this volume was meant to provide some fairly basic revisions to New Immigrants in New York, which, after more than a decade of heavy immigration, had become badly out of date. As it turned out, an entirely new book emerged. The book's format is the same as in the first edition and so is the overarching theme: how New York City has been transformed by the recent immigration and how the immigrants themselves have been changed by the move to New York. Yet most of the authors are new: Pyong Gap Min, Robert Smith, Paul Stoller, Milton Vickerman, Richard Wright and Mark Ellis, and Min Zhou. Those who had chapters in New Immigrants in New York (Patricia Pessar, Ellen Kraly, and Annelise Orleck) ended up writing completely different ones; now, in two cases, there are also coauthors (Pamela Graham and Ines Miyares). Given the new chapters as well as the many changes since the late 1980s among New York's immigrants, in New York City itself, and in the field of immigration studies, the introductory chapter has been totally revamped.