Immigration to New York:
Ellen Percy Kraly and Ines Miyares
The influx of millions of immigrants into New York City in the last four decades has brought about a dramatic demographic transformation. By 1999, about one third of New York City's population was foreign-born. This level was almost as high as the proportion at the beginning of the twentieth century, and about three times the level in the U.S. population as a whole. New York City also continues to be a major destination for the immigrants who come to the United States. One in ten of the nation's foreign-born lived in New York City in 1999, and figures from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service for the 1990s show the New York metropolitan area as the intended place of residence for the largest number of admitted immigrants.
This chapter describes the levels and trends in immigration that have played a critical role in the social demography of New York City and the larger metropolitan area. Our goal is to provide a social demographic backdrop to the more focused studies of particular immigrant groups that follow in the volume, as well as to assess relevant analytic tools by which patterns of immigration to New York might be con-