A BOOK THAT HAS BEEN in progress as long as this one becomes encrusted with many layers of indebtedness. I ask forgiveness of any who assisted me over the years who through my oversight have gone unmentioned here.
I thank Robert Coles for supporting the initial idea; Christopher Lasch for urging me on and providing inspiration; and Merloyd Lawrence for giving helpful commentary and encouragement. My thanks also to my student assistants at Vanderbilt University and at the University of Chicago, who gave invaluable help in the research: Michael LeRoy, Suzanne Agnew, Joe Addams, John Carlson, Erik Owens, Melanie O'Hara, Jaimie Schillinger, and Christopher Beem.
I am grateful also to Louise W. Knight for sharing her thoughts about Jane Addams with me; to Beata Boodell for tracking down records of the Fortnightly Club; to Tom and Ida Lou Ennenga for showing me around the grounds of the Addams family homestead and inviting me in; and to Anne Firor Scott for generously sharing notes and papers of Jane Addams that she had collected as material for a book of her own.
The Guggenheim Foundation supported me in a first leave of absence from teaching, during which I made a start. The Pew Charitable Trust provided a cushion during a subsequent year's leave, as did a Fellows Grant to the National Humanities Center from the Lilly Foundation. I am particularly indebted to Bob Connor, Kent Mullikan, Robert Wright, and the extraordinary staff of the National Humanities Center, who provided space, materials, and other aid that allowed me to complete the writing.
Special mention must be made of Irene Rosenfeld, my wonderful landlady and friend, whose home became mine during my year at the National Humanities Center. She clucked over me; made certain that there was food in the refrigerator; reminded me to sleep; and taking up