THE "REALITY" OF
ANTISEMITISM IN THE
Antisemitism remains part of contemporary American culture. It continues to be expressed in a variety of ways. However, institutional discrimination against Jews in the form of housing restrictions, employment, and education has been sharply reduced since World War II.
Furthermore, Jews are currently enjoying enormous political success. Non-Jews are electing Jews to the Congress, the Senate, and other high political offices in numbers unprecedented and disproportionate to the size of the Jewish population. The United States government is extremely responsive to Jewish concerns about Israel, Soviet Jews, and the protection of Jews against religiously inspired violence. Jews in the United States continue to enjoy and avail themselves of enormous benefits from the declining expression or practice of discriminatory behaviors among non-Jews.
Nevertheless, the following premises are supported by the evidence examined in this chapter. First, some anti‐ semitic beliefs among non-Jews have declined over time, while others are constant, and a few are increasing. Most important, large proportions of non-Jews still hold a number of antisemitic beliefs. Second, expressions of anti