Dave Richard Palmer, Summons of the Trumpet: A History of the Vietnam
War from a Military Man's Viewpoints (San Rafael, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1978),
p. 228. Among other recent works with varying views on intelligence matters during
the Tet period are Thomas L. Cubbage III, "Intelligence and the Tet Offensive: The
South Vietnamese View of the Threat", in
Elizabeth Jane Errington and
B. J. C. McKercher
, eds., The Vietnam War as History (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1990),
pp. 92-116 [hereafter "Intelligence and Tet"]; Ted Gittinger, ed., The Johnson
Years: A Vietnam Roundtable ( Austin, Tex.: LBJ Library, University of Texas Press, 1993), pp. 115-122, Appendices IV and VI.
U.S. Congress, House Select Committee on Intelligence, 94th Cong., 1st session, Hearings: U.S. Intelligence Agencies and Activities: The Performance of the
Intelligence Community ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Gov't Printing Office, 1975), pt.
5, p. 1653. A similar view is found in Cubbage, "Intelligence and Tet." For a more
comprehensive analysis, see James J. Wirtz, The Tet Offensive: Intelligence Failure
in War ( Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991). Cubbage, for one, remains
unconvinced, as shown by his review of the Wirtz monograph in Conflict Quarterly,
Vol. 13, No. 3 (Summer 1993).
Phillip B. Davidson, Vietnam at War: The History 1946-1975 (Novato, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1988), pp. 418-422, 434, 439-450 [hereafter Vietnam at War].
A finely detailed analysis of Hanoi's decision making which, however, also takes
the view that U.S. intelligence was unable to interpret correctly the data it had in
hand, is in Ronnie E. Ford, "Tet Revisited: The Strategy of the Communist Vietnamese", Intelligence and National Security, Vol. 9, No. 4 ( April 1994). For a
collection of translated source materials, see Patrick J. McGarvey, ed., Visions of
Victory: Selected Vietnamese Communist Military Writings, 1964-1968 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1969).
George Crile et al., CBS Reports, "The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception". Television broadcast, January 23, 1982.
"Fact Sheet: Comparisons of Truck Sightings in the Lao Panhandle," December 7, 1967, folder: Laos, v. 17, Box 271, Country File: Laos, National
Security File, Lyndon Baines Johnson Papers, Lyndon Baines Johnson Library, Austin, Texas [hereafter CF:NSF:LBJP or NSC History].
MACV Combined Documents Exploitation Center (CDEC), Translation 08-
0501-67, "The Success of the VC 'War of Liberation,'" folder: "Captured Document Cables", Box 153, CF: Vietnam, NSF, LBJP.
MACV-CDEC, Translation 11-1754-67 in summary in CDEC Bulletin, No.
8014, November 15, 1967, folder: "CDEC Bulletins, vol. 2," Box 153, CF: Vietnam, NSF, LBJP.
Hoang Ngoc Lung, Indochina Monograph: The General Offensives of 1968-
1969 ( Washington, D.C.: Office of Chief of Military History, 1976), pp. 33-34.