The eighth edition of this text acknowledges the fact that crisis intervention is being widely used by those in the helping professions. Individuals from all walks of life and age groups and with diverse problems and varying cultural backgrounds have responded to the skilled use of crisis intervention. It is being used by professionals and nonprofessionals with a wide range of skills.
It was felt that there was still a need for an overview and a guide to crisis intervention, from its historical development to its present utilization. The techniques and skills of a therapist must be learned and practiced under professional supervision. However, it is believed that an awareness of the basic theory and principles of crisis intervention will be valuable to all who are involved in the helping professions. This book should be a particularly meaningful mode of intervention for those who have constant and intimate contact with individuals and families in stressful situations (those who seek help because they are unable to cope alone and situations that may be biological, sociological, or psychological in origin).
Chapter 1 presents the historical development of crisis intervention methodology. Its intent is to create an awareness of the broad base of knowledge incorporated in its present practice. Looking to the future, a discussion of potential crises that may result from society's technological advances is new to this edition.
Chapter 2 deals with the differences between psychotherapeutic techniques of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy and between brief psychotherapy and crisis intervention methodology. It presents the major goals of these methods of treatment, foci, activities of the therapist, indications for treatment, average length of treatment, and the approximate cost to the individual. New to this chapter is the introduction of cognitive therapy and its utilization in crisis intervention with depressed patients.
Chapter 3 introduces the paradigms and illustrates their utilization in case studies. It focuses on the problem-solving process and introduces the reader to basic terminology used in this method of treatment. The paradigm clarifies the sequential steps of crisis development. Two case studies, with paradigms, illustrate its application as a guide to the case studies that are presented in subsequent chapters. New to this chapter is a discussion of the biophysiological components of stress, since individuals in crisis are under stress.
Also new to this edition are blank paradigms for the reader to complete for each case study in the text. The reader can then compare that paradigm with completed paradigms that are presented in Appendix D to evaluate his knowledge of crisis intervention. It is hoped that this interactive method will prove useful in learning and applying knowledge about the crisis intervention process.