Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico

By Roderic Ai Camp | Go to book overview

The violence and persecution they witnessed, whether affecting strangers or their own families, flavored these Mexicans in such a way that they followed a strategy of cooperation with the state, not confrontation, wishing to avoid repeating the violence and suppression characterizing their youth. In the same way, the political generations who passed through the Revolution as children hoped to avoid future violent conflicts, strongly believing that pragmatism and compromise were the most viable paths to political stability and development, whether in secular or religious affairs. This philosophy, in part a product of dual historical experiences, led both politicians and priests to resolve their potential conflicts in a reasonable, practical manner.


NOTES
1.
Joseph H. Fichter, Religion as an Occupation: A Study in the Sociology of Professions (Terre Haute, Ind.: University of Notre Dame, 1961), 23.
2.
Andrew M. Greeley, Priests in the United States: Reflections on a Survey ( New York: Doubleday, 1972), 19.
3.
Personal interviews with Fathers Rafael Tapia, Abelardo Hernández, and Humberto Vargas, Puebla Archdiocese, Puebla, Puebla, July 16, 1993.
4.
Personal interview with Bishop Francisco María Aguilera González, Mexico Archdiocese, Mexico City, June 1, 1987.
5.
Personal interview with Bishop Samuel Ruiz, Mexican Episcopate, Lago de Guadalupe, Cuautitlán, México, April 30, 1992.
6.
Personal interview with Father Baltazar López, Cuernavaca Diocese, Cuernavaca, Morelos, June 3, 1988.
7.
Personal interview with Father Fernando Glagoaga, Church of Our Lady of the Unprotected, Toluca Diocese, Toluca, México, June 9, 1988.
8.
Personal interview with Father Samuel Morin Suárez, secretary to the bishop of Toluca, Toluca Diocese, Toluca, México, June 9, 1988.
9.
Personal interview with Luis Narro Rodríguez, director of the Center for Educational Studies, Mexico City, June 28, 1989.
10.
Personal interview with Bishop José Pablo Rovalo, Archdiocese of Mexico, Mexico City, February 21, 1991.
11.
Personal interview with Auxiliary Bishop Adolfo Hernández Hurtado, Guadalajara Archdiocese, Guadalajara, Jalisco, July 7, 1993. Another bishop who attributes his service in the Church as crucial to his decision to follow the priesthood is Magín Camarino Torreblanca Reyes, who served as an acolyte in the Concepción Church under the guidance of Father Guzmán before entering the seminary in 1942. He believes many acolytes in this period became priests. Personal interview with Bishop Magin Camarino Torreblanca Reyes, Texcoco Diocese, Texcoco, México, July 12, 1993.
12.
Personal interview with Father Juan Bazdresch, Ibero-American University, Mexico City, June 20, 1989.
13.
Instituto Mexicano de Estudios Sociales, Encuesta a los agentes laicos ( Mexico City: Archdiocese of Mexico, 1992), 19.
14.
Personal interview with Miguel de la Madrid, Mexico City, February 22, 1991.
15.
Personal interview with Luis Echeverría Alvarez, Mexico City, August 2, 1992.
16.
Personal interview with José López Portillo, Mexico City, February 19, 1991.

-150-

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Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • 1 - Church and State Foundations of Analysis 3
  • Notes 19
  • 2 - Historical Underpinnings and Reform Two Decades in Brief Repose 24
  • Notes 41
  • Issues Facing the Church Politics, Partisanship, and Development 50
  • Notes 70
  • 4 - Issues Facing the Church Moral and Spiritual Challenges 79
  • Notes 99
  • 5 - Religion, Politics, and the Laity 109
  • Notes 126
  • 6 - Becoming a Priest Why Mexicans Enter the Clergy 135
  • Notes 150
  • Educating the Clergy from Priest to Bishop 154
  • Notes 174
  • 8 - Who Are the Bishops? Consequences of Family and Place 180
  • Notes 199
  • 9 - Church-State Interlocks Informal Relations 202
  • Notes 222
  • 10 - Structure and Decision Making 228
  • Notes 251
  • 11 - Structure and Decision Making the Bishop in His Diocese 259
  • Notes 276
  • 12 - The Church Viewed through Political and Clerical Lenses 283
  • Notes 302
  • Appendix - Mexican Bishops 309
  • Bibliographic Essay 319
  • Index 327
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