Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico

By Roderic Ai Camp | Go to book overview

Mexican bishops have also passed through two other significant educational experiences: Rome and New Mexico. Similar to their secular, political counterparts, future bishops have traveled abroad for advanced religious and philosophical education. But unlike Mexican politicians, bishops have obtained this education at primarily two institutions, institutions the Church controls. On the other hand, a Roman education at the Gregorian University serves to bring priests together with their most prominent counterparts from the outside Catholic world. The establishment of the Colegio México has reduced considerably these personal and intellectual contacts and is likely to have important future consequences on Mexican Catholic ideology.

Many Mexican clergy also have shared a unique educational experience, a product of historical circumstances, in attending the Montezuma seminary in the United States, the only interdiocesan seminary, in effect a national Mexican seminary, to have existed. Early generations of graduates formed in this foreign environment produced a significant number of bishops, many of whom played critical roles in the ideological currents of the 1960s.

Clerical educational patterns in Mexico have remained quite constant in the latter half of this century. But as the backgrounds of younger bishops illustrate, several significant changes are apparent, changes having consequences for episcopate leadership and attitudes. Among the most important of these patterns is a recent decline in teaching careers in favor of a heavier emphasis on pastoral experiences. These experiences are critical in drawing priests closer to their parishioners and in making future Church leaders more aware of laypersons' problems.

A second recent development among bishops' educational trends is that larger numbers are remaining in Mexico to complete their seminary education. This has important consequences for the Mexican episcopate's receptivity to currents of thought circulating in Rome and in emphasizing the organic priest as the major source of Church leadership. It is also likely to contribute to a more nationally oriented, rather than internationally predisposed, bishop.

Accompanying this last trend is the reversal of a long-standing and increasing trend of obtaining higher education at the doctoral level. Mexican bishops, in their selection of future peers, are not stressing this previous pattern. Instead, priests are completing basic theological education and activating their careers more quickly than in the past. This may be due to the general pressures created by an aging clergy. It is bound to have some effect on episcopal receptivity to intellectual issues. In the future, the intellectual diversity that the Catholic hierarchy provides its priests will be more dependent on diocesan differences than on national and international experiences.

See Roderic Ai Camp, Mexico's Leaders: Their Education and Recruitment ( Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1980), and Recruitment across Two Centuries: Mexico, 1884- 1993 ( Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995).


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • 1 - Church and State Foundations of Analysis 3
  • Notes 19
  • 2 - Historical Underpinnings and Reform Two Decades in Brief Repose 24
  • Notes 41
  • Issues Facing the Church Politics, Partisanship, and Development 50
  • Notes 70
  • 4 - Issues Facing the Church Moral and Spiritual Challenges 79
  • Notes 99
  • 5 - Religion, Politics, and the Laity 109
  • Notes 126
  • 6 - Becoming a Priest Why Mexicans Enter the Clergy 135
  • Notes 150
  • Educating the Clergy from Priest to Bishop 154
  • Notes 174
  • 8 - Who Are the Bishops? Consequences of Family and Place 180
  • Notes 199
  • 9 - Church-State Interlocks Informal Relations 202
  • Notes 222
  • 10 - Structure and Decision Making 228
  • Notes 251
  • 11 - Structure and Decision Making the Bishop in His Diocese 259
  • Notes 276
  • 12 - The Church Viewed through Political and Clerical Lenses 283
  • Notes 302
  • Appendix - Mexican Bishops 309
  • Bibliographic Essay 319
  • Index 327


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 344

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    New feature

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia, and in an effort to make Questia easier to use for those people, we have added a new choice of font to the Reader. That font is called OpenDyslexic, and has been designed to help with some of the symptoms of dyslexia. For more information on this font, please visit

    To use OpenDyslexic, choose it from the Typeface list in Font settings.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.