Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico

By Roderic Ai Camp | Go to book overview

closer to the local populace, which is both religious and Catholic. Relations, as well as personal ties, are more frequent, broader, and inclined toward the social plane, thus establishing a basis for better, if not formal, linkages.


NOTES
1.
Personal interview with Bishop Abelardo Alvarado Alcántara, Mexico Archdiocese, Mexico City, June 2, 1987.
2.
Personal interview with Sealtiel Alatriste, descendant of a distinguished Liberal family, Mexico City, June 3, 1988.
3.
Personal interview with José Rogelio Alvarez, Mexico City, February 15, 1991
4.
Personal interview with Father Guillermo Schulenburg, abbot of the Basilica of Guadalupe, Mexico Archdiocese, Mexico City, February 18, 1991.
5.
Allan Metz, "Mexican Church-State Relations under President Carlos Salinas de Gortari," Journal of Church and State 34, no. 1 (Winter 1992): 116.
6.
Personal interview with Father Samuel Morín Suárez, secretary to the bishop, Toluca Diocese, Toluca, México, June 9, 1988.
7.
Personal interview with José Rogelio Alvarez.
8.
As related to the late David C. Bailey by Father Francisco Aguilera, later a bishop, Mexico Archdiocese, Mexico City, August 4, 1976.
9.
Antonio Jáquez has alleged that the family of Edmundo Sánchez Cano, governor of Oaxaca, descended from priests. "Sacerdotes que dejaron su ministerio exponen la 'sinrazón' del celibato," Proceso, April 9, 1990, 22.
10.
Francisco Suárez Farias, Elite, tecnocracia y movilidad politica en México ( Mexico City: Universidad Autónomo Metropolitana-Xochimilco, 1991), 121.
11.
Oscar Hinojosa, "Dejarán de ser en la noche los encuentros con funcionarios mexicanos: Prigione," Proceso, December 12, 1988, 10.
12.
Proceso, February 19, 1990, 10-13.
13.
The only known case I could find at the national level is that of Higinio Vdzquez Santana, oficial mayor of the secretariat of public education in 1931, who also reached the rank of brigade general in the Mexican Army. He left public life in the 1930s, enrolled in the Montezuma seminary in 1941 at the age of 57, and was ordained two years later. In his youth, he had studied in Rome and had attended the Guadalajara seminary with classmate José Garibi, who later became cardinal. See José López Escalera, Diccionario biográfico y de historia de México ( Mexico City: Editorial del Magistrado, 1964), 1130. In the Salinas administration, Luis Benavides, a central figure in national, technical education, also in the secretariat of public education, joined the Brothers of Mary, serving as vice- provincial of the central region, the order's second most important post, and teaching at the CUM. He left the order in the 1970s. Proceso, December 17, 1990, 25.
14.
Partido Revolucionario Institucional, "Memorandum sobre las relaciones estado- iglesia católica," November 1988, unpublished manuscript, 20.
15.
Larissa Adler Lomnitz and Marisol Pérez-Lizaur, A Mexican Elite Family, 1820- 1890 ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987), 204.
16.
Eventually, a split occurred between the more liberal, Catholic social wing of the party and the conservative, northern business wing, leading to PAN's failure to agree on a presidential candidate in 1976. See George Philip, The Presidency in Mexican Politics ( New York: St. Martin's, 1992), 106. By the late 1980s, however, a convergence of interests occurred among the business community, progressive Catholics, and secular leadership

-222-

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Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • 1 - Church and State Foundations of Analysis 3
  • Notes 19
  • 2 - Historical Underpinnings and Reform Two Decades in Brief Repose 24
  • Notes 41
  • Issues Facing the Church Politics, Partisanship, and Development 50
  • Notes 70
  • 4 - Issues Facing the Church Moral and Spiritual Challenges 79
  • Notes 99
  • 5 - Religion, Politics, and the Laity 109
  • Notes 126
  • 6 - Becoming a Priest Why Mexicans Enter the Clergy 135
  • Notes 150
  • Educating the Clergy from Priest to Bishop 154
  • Notes 174
  • 8 - Who Are the Bishops? Consequences of Family and Place 180
  • Notes 199
  • 9 - Church-State Interlocks Informal Relations 202
  • Notes 222
  • 10 - Structure and Decision Making 228
  • Notes 251
  • 11 - Structure and Decision Making the Bishop in His Diocese 259
  • Notes 276
  • 12 - The Church Viewed through Political and Clerical Lenses 283
  • Notes 302
  • Appendix - Mexican Bishops 309
  • Bibliographic Essay 319
  • Index 327
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