a citizenry alienated from its government, and increases the likelihood of
more effective, more responsive, and more accountable government.
Finally, citizen confidence in the administrative institutions of government is affected profoundly by evidence of the administrator's commitment
to the most fundamental values in a democratic society. Citizen confidence
is enhanced when the policies and decisions of the bureaucracy provide for
equal treatment under the law, when they support each person's right to
life and liberty, when they respect individual privacy, when they honor due
process, and when they move us toward a more just society. When our
government bureaucracies behave in this manner they help preserve our
noblest ideals and enlarge the consent of the governed.
U.S. Constitution, Art. 2, Sec. 1.
U.S. Constitution, Art. 2, Sec. 3.
Rowland Egger, "Responsibility in Administration", in Public Administration and Democracy, ed.
Roscoe C. Martin ( Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University
Press, 1965), p. 303.
John R. Simpson, Director, U.S. Secret Service, Roger W. Jones Lecture, Washington, D.C., March 7, 1988.
Public Law 103-62, 1993.
Kenneth Culp Davis, Discretionary Justice ( Chicago: University of Illinois
Press, 1976), pp. 3-161.
From Max Weber, trans. and ed.
H. H. Gerth and
C. Wright Mills ( New
York: Oxford University Press, 1946), pp. 196-244.
Donald Warwick, "The Ethics of Administrative Discretion", in Public Duties: The Moral Obligations of Government Officials, ed.
Alan Fleischman et al.
( Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981), pp. 115-125.
Irving Kristol, "Big Government and Little Men", in The New Leader, November 26, 1962, p. 14.
Data obtained from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management.
The Harris Survey, "Alienation Sharply Rises", September 8, 1986.
Survey by the Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press, "The New
Political Leadership", 1994, p. 22.
University of Michigan National Election Survey for 1966 and by
Organization for 1994, Public Administration Review ( November/December 1996),