|1.||--(1) The recognition of the Tamils of Sri Lanka as a distinct nationality.|
|2.||--(2) The recognition of an identified Tamil homeland and guarantee of its territorial integrity.|
|3.||--(3) Based on the above, recognition of the inalienable right of self-determin-ation of the Tamil nation.|
|4.||--(4) Recognition of the right to full citizenship and other fundamental democratic rights of all Tamils who look upon the island as their country.|
The political structure for the resolution of the conflict was intended to be based on the recognition of these principles. It is an examination of these principles that has led some commentators to advocate the need for a new initiative, based on "the core aspirations of the Tamil people." The Indo-Sri Lanka Accord, by its emphasis on the need to nurture and protect distinct identities and by its acknowledgment that the northeast province constitutes the traditional habitation of Tamils and Muslims, provided an implicit acknowledgment of some of the Thimphu concepts. However, the mere symbolic acknowledgement of the definition of the national problem and the nature of Tamil national identity does not, per se, lead to a resolution. At the core of the Thimphu principles are substantive political arrangements for the redefinition of the nature of the state and the sharing of sovereign legislative and executive powers between the regions. The quest for a political resolution within a united Sri Lanka must therefore relate more to the substantive issues relating to the exercise of political power than to abstract formulations of political identity.
[ Tiruchelvam was murdered ( July 29, 1999) before he could add several paragraphs to this chapter about the latest constitutional devolutionary proposals that he had prepared for President Kumaratunga and that she was about to introduce in Sri Lanka's parliament. They are consistent with the views in this chapter.]