STATE INTERVENTION IN TEXTILE-LABOR RELATIONSHIPS
The strategies discussed to this point have been confined to capitallabor relationships within a given textile corporation. These strategies reflect the rights and abilities of textile management to introduce changes within the corporation. This chapter analyzes the impact of state intervention on textile capital-labor relationships. Therefore, state actions and policies go beyond the parameters of an individual firm, and can affect relationships in the textile industry as a whole, as well as all other relationships that exist within the state's political domain. Because state intervention greatly affects capital-labor relationships in the textile industry, the nature of this intervention must be examined. This chapter has three parts. First, the state is conceptualized and its reference to later discussion is established. Second, the role of the state in specific textile capital-labor disputes is analyzed. Finally, the effects of state economic policies on capital-labor relationships, at both local(community and provincial) state and federal-state levels are discerned.
There is a large social science literature on the relationship between the capitalist state and capital-labor relationships.1 It is not necessary to review this debate fully, only those concerns relevant to state intervention in the U.S. textile industry.
The capitalist state is an institutionalized complex whose agents have a monopoly over the legitimate use of force as well as the right to enact and enforce laws that regulate social, economic, and political behavior. As such, it preserves the social and economic conditions that are the sine qua non of capitalist relationships. As capitalists employ "free" laborers at the marketplace through the mechanisms of commodity exchange, and surplus appropriation in this relationship is