Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850

By M. J. Daunton | Go to book overview

Yorkshire; the erosion of artisan production and a slide into sweat-shops in some London trades; and the emergence of coal-based industries in the north-east, south Wales, the Mersey, and the Clyde. This matrix of industrialization affected the labour market and the gender division of work; influenced patterns of income distribution; shaped demographic behaviour; created a greater or lesser susceptibility to cyclical or seasonal depression; and determined the relations between merchants, financiers, and producers according to the needs for fixed capital or credit.


NOTES
1.
N. F.R. Crafts, British Economic Growth during the Industrial Revolution ( Oxford, 1985); J. G. Williamson, 'Debating the British Industrial Revolution'; Explorations in Economic History, 24 ( 1987).
2.
Quoted in J. Hoppit, "'Counting the Industrial Revolution'", Economic History Review, 2nd ser. 43 ( 1990), 173.
3.
W.-G. Hoffman, British Industry, 1700-1950 ( 1955); P. Deane and W. A. Cole, British Economic Growth, 1688-1959 ( Cambridge, 1969); Crafts, "British Economic Growth and 'British Economic Growth, 1700-1831: A Review of the Evidence'", Economic History Review, 36 ( 1983); C. K. Harley, "'British Industrialisation before 1841: Evidence of Slower Growth during the Industrial Revolution'", Journal of Economic History, 42 ( 1982).
4.
N. F. R. Crafts, S. J. Leybourne, and T. C. Mills, "'Trends and Cycles in British Industrial Production'", Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, ser. A 152 ( 1989).
5.
Crafts, British Economic Growth, 8, 69, 87.
6.
C. H. Lee, The British Economy since 1700 ( Cambridge, 1986), 106.
7.
J. C. D. Clark, English Society, 1688-1832 ( Cambridge, 1985), 4.
8.
Quoted in D. Lieberman, The Province of Legislation Determined' Legal Theory in Eighteenth-Century Britain ( Cambridge, 1989), 47, 48.
9.
Hoppit, "'Counting'", 179.
10.
Crafts, "'British Economic Growth'", 181; and Economic Growth, 20.
11.
R. V. Jackson, "'Rates of Industrial Growth during the Industrial Revolution'", Economic History Review, 2nd ser. 45 ( 1992), 9, 12.
12.
Ibid. 21.
13.
Quoted in Hoppit, "'Counting'", 173.
14.
For critiques, see C. Sabel and J. Zeitlin, 'Historical Alternatives in Mass Production', Past and Present, 108 ( 1985); M. Berg and P. Hudson, "'Rehabilitating the Industrial Revolution'", Economic History Review, 2nd ser. 45 ( 1992).
15.
Quoted in M. Berg, The Age of Manufactures ( Oxford, 1985), 51-2.
16.
E. A. Wrigley, Continuity, Chance and Change ( Cambridge, 1988), 84-6.
17.
Ibid. 13.
18.
E. A. Wrigley, People, Cities and Wealth ( Oxford, 1987), 177-8.

-145-

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Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Figures xi
  • List of Tables xiii
  • Chapter I - Introduction: the Possibilities of Growth 1
  • Notes 19
  • Further Reading 21
  • Part I - Agriculture and Rural Society 23
  • Chapter 2 - Agricultural Production: the Limits of Growth? 25
  • Conclusion 56
  • Notes 57
  • Further Reading 58
  • Chapter 3 - The Rise of the Great Estates and the Decline of the Yeoman 61
  • Notes 87
  • Further Reading 88
  • Chapter 4 - Open Fields and Enclosure: the Demise of Commonality 92
  • Notes 117
  • Further Reading 119
  • Part II - Industry and Urban Society 123
  • Chapter 5 - Diversities of Industrialization 125
  • Notes 145
  • Further Reading 146
  • Chapter 6 - The Domestic System of Manufactures 148
  • Conclusion 169
  • Notes 170
  • Further Reading 171
  • Chapter 7 - The Coming of the Factory 201
  • Chapter 8 - Furnaces, Forges, and Mines 206
  • Conclusion 232
  • Further Reading 234
  • Chapter 9 - Capital and Credit: Financing Industrialization 260
  • Further Reading 261
  • Part III - Integrating the Economy 265
  • Chapter 10 - Integration and Specialization 267
  • Notes 283
  • Further Reading 283
  • Chapter II - Transport 285
  • Conclusion 314
  • Notes 314
  • Chapter 12 - Merchants and Marketing 318
  • Conclusion 338
  • Notes 338
  • Further Reading 339
  • Chapter 13 - Banks and Money 342
  • Conclusion 357
  • Notes 358
  • Further Reading 359
  • Further Reading 361
  • Further Reading 382
  • Further Reading 383
  • Part IV - Poverty, Prosperity, and Population 385
  • Chapter 15 - Births, Marriages, and Deaths 387
  • Notes 415
  • Further Reading 416
  • Chapter 16 - The Standard of Living and the Social History of Wages 441
  • Chapter 17 - Poor Relief and Charity 447
  • Notes 471
  • Further Reading 472
  • Part V - Public Policy and the State 475
  • Chapter 18 - The Visible Hand: the State and the Economy 477
  • Notes 502
  • Further Reading 503
  • Chapter 19 - Taxation and Public Finance 507
  • Further Reading 530
  • Further Reading 530
  • Notes 557
  • Further Reading 558
  • Chapter 21 - Conclusion 565
  • Notes 566
  • Chronology 567
  • Statistical Appendix 573
  • Index 591
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