industry, by variations in the pace of enclosure or the dominance of large estates, and by changes in farming practices. Domestic production was both a consequence and a cause of changes in demography and family structure. The removal of restraints on marriage created the potentiality for rapid population growth, and the organization of production in family units affected the relationships between husband and wife, and parents and children. Relationships within families engaged in domestic production were not necessarily symmetrical, for domestic industry allowed young adults to marry and start a new production unit, which might clash with the desire of parents to retain children in their productive unit for as long as possible. The precise relationship between domestic production and merchanting could affect the responsiveness to changes in the market, and influence the sources of capital for factory development. Further, the organization of various stages of domestic production affected the impact of mechanization and the ability of the work-force to resist changes. And were domestic workers trapped in a world of conventional consumption, defending a 'moral' economy against the incursion of the market and a cash nexus? These issues are pursued in later chapters.