Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850

By M. J. Daunton | Go to book overview

Britain; they were reborn on the American frontier. The history of British agrarian society and demographic structures continued across the Atlantic, among the craftsmen of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia and the small farmers of New England. The craftsmen of the Atlantic seaboard shared with the craftsmen in London, from whom so many were drawn, the same attitudes to the maintenance of their 'honourable' trades and their property in skill. On the frontier, settlers developed the country ideology of hostility to monied corruption and aristocratic privilege which was a commonplace in the county associations of England. Britain was, indeed, part of a wider Atlantic demographic and political system. 29


NOTES
1.
Quoted in E. A. Wrigley, Continuity, Chance and Change: The Character of the Industrial Revolution in England ( Cambridge, 1988), 33.
2.
e.g. P. E. Razzell, "'Population Change in Eighteenth-Century England: A Reinterpretation'", Economic History Review, 2nd ser 18. ( 1965), and, more generally, T. McKeown , The Modern Rise of Population ( 1976), ch. 2.
3.
E. A. Wrigley and R. S. Schofield, The Population History of England, 1541-1871: A Reconstruction ( 1981), 451.
4.
Ibid. 453.
5.
Ibid. 451.
6.
Ibid. 257-65; see also D. R. Weir, "'Rather Never than Late: Celibacy and Age at Marriage in English Cohort Fertility, 1541-1871'", Journal of Family History, 9 ( 1990).
7.
E. A. Wrigley, "'Family Limitation in Pre-industrial England'", Economic History Review, 2nd ser. 29 ( 1966); and C. Wilson, 'Natural Fertility in Pre-industrial England, 1600-1799', Population Studies, 38 ( 1984).
8.
Wrigley and Schofield, Population History, 435.
9.
R. B. Outhwaite, "'Age at Marriage in England from the Late Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century'", Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser. 23 ( 1975), 59.
10.
D. E. C. Eversley, "'A Survey of Population in an Area of Worcestershire from 1660-1750 on the Basis of Parish Registers'", in D. V. Glass and D. E. C. Eversley (eds.), Population in History: Essays in Historical Demography ( 1965), 403, 406, 408-9.
11.
P. R. A. Hinde, 'Household Structure, Marriage and the Institution of Service in Nineteenth-Century Rural England', Local Population Studies, 35 ( 1985); and "'The Marriage Market in the Nineteenth-Century English Countryside'", Journal of European Economic History, 18 ( 1989).
12.
A. Kussmaul, Servants in Husbandry in Early Modern England ( Cambridge, 1981).
13.
J. A. Goldstone, "'The Demographic Revolution in England: A Re-examination'", Population Studies, 39 ( 1986), 19.
14.
R. I. Woods and P. R. A. Hinde, "'Nuptuality and Age at Marriage in Nineteenth- Century England'", Journal of Family History, 10 ( 1985), 125.
15.
D. Levine, Family Formation in an Age of Nascent Capitalism ( New York, 1977).

-415-

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Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Figures xi
  • List of Tables xiii
  • Chapter I - Introduction: the Possibilities of Growth 1
  • Notes 19
  • Further Reading 21
  • Part I - Agriculture and Rural Society 23
  • Chapter 2 - Agricultural Production: the Limits of Growth? 25
  • Conclusion 56
  • Notes 57
  • Further Reading 58
  • Chapter 3 - The Rise of the Great Estates and the Decline of the Yeoman 61
  • Notes 87
  • Further Reading 88
  • Chapter 4 - Open Fields and Enclosure: the Demise of Commonality 92
  • Notes 117
  • Further Reading 119
  • Part II - Industry and Urban Society 123
  • Chapter 5 - Diversities of Industrialization 125
  • Notes 145
  • Further Reading 146
  • Chapter 6 - The Domestic System of Manufactures 148
  • Conclusion 169
  • Notes 170
  • Further Reading 171
  • Chapter 7 - The Coming of the Factory 201
  • Chapter 8 - Furnaces, Forges, and Mines 206
  • Conclusion 232
  • Further Reading 234
  • Chapter 9 - Capital and Credit: Financing Industrialization 260
  • Further Reading 261
  • Part III - Integrating the Economy 265
  • Chapter 10 - Integration and Specialization 267
  • Notes 283
  • Further Reading 283
  • Chapter II - Transport 285
  • Conclusion 314
  • Notes 314
  • Chapter 12 - Merchants and Marketing 318
  • Conclusion 338
  • Notes 338
  • Further Reading 339
  • Chapter 13 - Banks and Money 342
  • Conclusion 357
  • Notes 358
  • Further Reading 359
  • Further Reading 361
  • Further Reading 382
  • Further Reading 383
  • Part IV - Poverty, Prosperity, and Population 385
  • Chapter 15 - Births, Marriages, and Deaths 387
  • Notes 415
  • Further Reading 416
  • Chapter 16 - The Standard of Living and the Social History of Wages 441
  • Chapter 17 - Poor Relief and Charity 447
  • Notes 471
  • Further Reading 472
  • Part V - Public Policy and the State 475
  • Chapter 18 - The Visible Hand: the State and the Economy 477
  • Notes 502
  • Further Reading 503
  • Chapter 19 - Taxation and Public Finance 507
  • Further Reading 530
  • Further Reading 530
  • Notes 557
  • Further Reading 558
  • Chapter 21 - Conclusion 565
  • Notes 566
  • Chronology 567
  • Statistical Appendix 573
  • Index 591
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