position of the Negro in the South, in the absence of national policy implemented by legislation and executive protection. Nor have the cases eliminated from national politics "the Negro question which had so long embittered Congressional debates." Senators and Representatives from Southern states can hardly be said not to embitter Congressional debates. The point is that the decisions of the court have left the question of the Negro almost precisely where it was in 1883. A solution within "the perfect working of our complex form of government" is still to be found.