The Nation is to work as one whose achievement passes beyond time, whose glory and honor are borne into the eternal city.
ELISHA MULFORD, 1870
A struggle, begun to tear the stars from our flag, we have reason to believe, has only fixed them more securely. It is in mutual concessions of honest purpose we are to look for restored unity and completed nationalism in the hearts of our whole people.
THE INTERNATIONAL REVIEW, 1874
I believe sincerely that no European country knows a patriotism of such fervor and explosiveness. . . . Yet no other nation has so much needed high-strung patriotic emotion for the fulfillment of its mission as America.
HUGO MUENSTERBERG, 1913
IN THE ERA that stretched from the end of the Civil War to the First World War the voluminous literature of patriotism was full of the traditional ideas and sentiments already formulated and widely disseminated before 1861. The so-called instinctive basis of patriotism; its religious foundations and associations; the invitation to loyalty implicit in the economic resources, strength, and unity of the nation; the awareness of a unique geography and people, of a unique past and a unique future -- all these continued to find full and fair expression. Thanks to new agencies of popularization such patterns of patriotic thought now were even more widely displayed among the people than before. The expansion of the cheap newspaper and the cheap magazine, the mushroom development of the chautauqua, the multiplication of schools and libraries, the vogue