IN PIONEER KENTUCKY
IF ANY principle characterized the conceptions of the early settlers of Kentucky with respect to political and social relations, it was the insistence upon liberty. The state was settled during the Revolutionary War and the three following decades, by people who came largely from the state of Virginia,1 where the revolutionary implications of the colonial rebellion had been most completely developed. The ideals of democracy and of liberty had been implanted in the minds of the citizenry of this state by such prominent revolutionary leaders as Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, James Madison, George Mason, and many others. These ideals were particularly congenial to those who left the Old Dominion because they had not found a satisfactory place for themselves there, and who were consequently seeking opportunities for self-betterment, where established social and economic arrangements would not hold them back.
The primitive condition of society in Kentucky was most favorable to the development of equalitarian and democratic opinions. The fact that each man was about equal to his neighbor in the two most important aspects of pioneer life, the common conflict with the savage Indian enemy, and the great____________________