Qin Zhi, who wrote under the pen name Qin Zihao (Ch'in Tzu-hao), was of the minority Miao ethnicity and a native of Guanghan, Sichuan. While a student at Sino-French University in Beijing from 1932 to 1935, he started publishing poems and was widely exposed to Western poetry. From 1935 to 1937 he studied economics and political science at Central University in Tokyo. After returning to China, he worked as a journalist in the military, from which he was honorably discharged in 1943. On a business trip to Taiwan in 1945, he was unable to return to the mainland due to the worsening civil war. Separated from his wife and child, he lived on the island till he died of cancer in 1963.
Qin was one of the most respected and influential figures on the poetry scene in Taiwan in the 1950s and '60s. He edited many poetry journals and poetry columns in newspapers, taught poetry courses at the Correspondence School of Chinese Literature and Art, founded the Blue Star Poetry Society, and served as a mentor to many young, aspiring poets. His complete poetry and critical essays were published posthumously.