Born Chen Wuxiong in Nantou County in central Taiwan, Huan Fu also publishes prose fiction and literary criticism under the name Chen Qianwu (Ch'en Ch'ien-wu).
Like Zhan Bing, he belongs to the so-called “translingual generation” (see the introduction). With the publication in 1939 of his first poem, “A Moment on a Summer Night,” he started out writing poetry in Japanese. In 1945, he was sent by the Japanese colonial government as a member of the “Taiwanese special volunteer forces” to Java and, to everyone's surprise, returned alive to Taiwan in 1946. “Carrier Pigeon,” included here, is based on that experience.
After the retrocession of Taiwan to China in 1945, Huan Fu studied Chinese and a decade later was able to write poetry in Chinese. His first collection of poems in Chinese came out in 1963, and he has since published more than ten volumes. He was a founding member of the Bamboo Hat Poetry Society in 1964 and has served as editor of the Bamboo Poetry Bimonthly, the longestrunning poetry journal in Taiwan, and Poetry Prospect, which he founded in 1965. When the municipal Taizhong Cultural Center was established in 1976, he was appointed director. Huan Fu has been active in promoting exchanges among poets of Taiwan, Japan, and Korea and has translated much modern Japanese and Korean poetry. He also writes fiction and critical essays. In 1979 he won the Wu Zhuoliu Literature Prize for the short story “Hunting the Woman Criminal.”