AARON SAPIRO was represented by attorney William Henry Gallagher of Detroit and former Judge Robert S. Marx of Chicago. They asserted that the paper was "Ford's mouthpiece" and that "abuse was the general policy of the Dearborn Independent." The attacks therein upon Sapiro—a Jewish humanitarian dedicated to the alleviation of American farmers' economic tribulations—were by extension slanderous against all Jews. The articles had succeeded in undermining the faith of the farmers in the cooperative marketing movement. "The Jewish Question? Oh no, we can't discuss that!" declared Gallagher sarcastically in his opening statement, asserting to the contrary: "There is no use trying to pull the wool over our eyes and tell ourselves this is only an attack on Aaron Sapiro.... If the first article in the series had not been followed by subsequent articles, Aaron Sapiro never would have had the right to bring action on it."