Henry Ford, in an interview at his winter estate in Ways,
Georgia, advised workers to 'shun labor unions.' He said he
believed 'international financiers' were using labor unions to
'reduce competition in industry so as to be able to raise prices
and cut wages... There is no mystery about the connection
between corporation control and labor control. They are two
ends of the same rope. A little group of those who control both
capital and labor will sit down in New York and settle prices,
dividends, and wages.'
HARTFORD COURANT, FEBRUARY 25, 1937,
"Henry Ford Recalls His 'Peace Ship—Says He'd Spend Twice as
Much for What It Taught Him About War and War Makers."
DURING the 1920s, mass production still remained outside the purview of the American Federation of Labor and its historic tradition embracing craft workers. With the inspiration of John L. Lewis' spin-off Congress (originally Committee) of Industrial Organizations in the mid-1930s, and the implementation of FDR's Wagner Act—legitimizing the negotiating prerogatives of labor leaders—the mining, electrical, steel, rubber, cement, aluminum, and other mass-production sectors fell into line. In May 1935, the United Automobile Workers held its founding convention in Detroit. The following summer, at the second constitutional convention in South Bend, Indiana, the UAW formally affiliated with the CIO, electing Homer L. Martin, a former Baptist preacher from St. Louis and an accomplished platform speaker, as first interna