Principles of Experimental Phonetics

By Norman J. Lass | Go to book overview

Preface

Principles of Experimental Phonetics provides comprehensive coverage of relevant contemporary topics of importance to graduate students and professionals in speech-language pathology, audiology, speech, language, and hearing sciences, psychology, the cognitive sciences, and linguistics. This volume will also prove valuable to those involved in research on the speech production and speech perception processes.

The book contains features that make it very user friendly, including (1) a chapter outline and key terms at the beginning of each chapter, (2) all key terms presented in boldface type when first mentioned in a chapter and defined in a glossary at the end of the volume, (3) review questions presented at the end of each chapter, and (4) a listing of suggested readings on the subtopics discussed within each chapter.

The authors are experienced researchers and writers who have presented a thorough discussion of their topics, including a comprehensive review of the pertinent literature as well as a delineation of the unresolved issues on each topic. In addition, they have provided specific suggestions for further inquiry and/or general directions for future research.

The book contains 15 chapters in four major sections. The Speech Production section includes four chapters. The first addresses models of speech production (feedback, feedforward, motor program, dynamic systems, gestural patterning, connectionist, subsystem, and composite) and the critical issues concerning these models. The second chapter discusses the aerodynamic principles of speech production, including the mechanics of breathing and speech, upper airway dynamics, the regulation of speech aerodynamics, experimental evidence of a speech regulating system, and the instrumentation employed in the study of speech aerodynamics. The third chapter is concerned with the mechanisms of speech motor execution and control, including passive and active peripheral mechanical properties of the speech production system; motor-sensory programming, execution, and control; sensorimotor contributions to speech motor control; multiple roles for speech motor-sensory mechanisms; and time-varying contributions of motor-sensory processes. Laryngeal structure and function is the topic of the fourth and final chapter in this section, which includes a detailed discussion of the structure, neurology, and phonatory function of the larynx as well as theories of phonation, the modification of phonation, and phonatory behavior involved in speech.

The Speech Signal section has three chapters. The first is concerned with the acoustic characteristics of American English, including the defining acoustic features of consonants, vowels, and diphthongs as well as the acoustic manifestations of the suprasegmental features of intonation, stress, and quantity. The second chapter addresses in detail the physiological, acoustic, and perceptual aspects of the prosodic features of duration and quantity, tone and intonation, as well as stress and emphasis. Also included are comparative analyses of these suprasegmental features across languages. Speech analysis and speech synthesis are discussed in the third chapter in this section, including Fourier analysis, spectrographic analysis, visual analysis of the time waveform of speech, time analysis of the glottal waveform, cascade and parallel formant synthesizers, synthesis based on linear predictive coding, as well as synthesis by rule and text-to‐ speech.

There are five chapters in the Speech Perception section. The first is concerned with issues in speech perception and spoken word recognition,

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