Principles of Experimental Phonetics

By Norman J. Lass | Go to book overview

Chapter 1
Models of Speech
Production
Ray D. Kent, Scott G. Adams, Greg S. Turner Chapter Outline
Introduction
Conceptualizing Speech Qua Language: Levels of Organization
Critical Issues Facing Speech Production Models
The Serial Order Problem
The Degrees of Freedom Problem
The Context-Sensitivity Problem
Schools of Thought in the Modeling of Speech
Feedback and Feedforward Models
Motor Program Models
Models That Combine Motor Programs and Feedback Control
Dynamic Systems Models
Models of Gestural Patterning
Connectionist and Spreading Activation Models
Subsystem Models and Composite Models of Speech Production
Respiratory Subsystem
Laryngeal Subsystem
Supralaryngeal Subsystem
Composite Models
Speech Production Models and Language Behavior
Neural Models of Speech Production
Conclusion
Key Terms
articulation 4
articulatory model 4
attractors 21
coarticulation 9
composite model 28
connectionist models 25
context-sensitivity problem 9
coordinative structure 7
coproduction 23
degrees of freedom problem 8
dynamic systems 18
feedback system 13
feedforward system 14
gestural patterning model 23
mass-spring model 32
model 4
motor control models 4
motor program 14
neural model 4
phase transition 21
quantal theory 30
rhythm 33
schema theory 16
servosystem model 4
synergies 19
syntagma 7
vocal tract model 4

-3-

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