Principles of Experimental Phonetics

By Norman J. Lass | Go to book overview

Chapter 2
Regulation of Speech
Aerodynamics
Donald W. Warren Chapter Outline
Introduction
Mechanics of Breathing and Speech
Generation of Driving Pressures
Elastic Resistance
Nonelastic Resistances
Lower Airway Dynamics
Airway Pressures during Speech
Laryngeal Activity
The Effects of Glottal Activity on Air Pressure and Airflow
Glottal Resistance
Upper Airway Dynamics
Voiceless Plosives
Voiced Plosives
Voiceless Fricatives
Voiced Fricatives
Vowels
Regulation of Speech Aerodynamics Supporting Evidence
Experimental Evidence of a Speech Regulating System
Bite-Block and Bleed-Valve Studies
Studies of Velopharyngeal Inadequacy
Acquired Velopharyngeal Inadequacy
Simulation Studies
Pressure Regulation during Production of Sibilants
Sensory Information
Implications of a Speech-Regulating System
Instrumentation for Aerodynamic Studies Manometry
Aerodynamic Devices
Air Pressure Devices
Airflow Devices
Application of Aerodynamic Techniques
Directions for Future Research
Summary
Key Terms
acoustic regulation hypothesis 84
airway resistance 48
Bernoulli force 53
bite block 66
bleed valve 66
control 47
homeostasis 60
hypernasality 68
laminar flow 50
manometer 80
nasal emission 68
nasal grimace 80
obturator 73
orifice flow 50
parietal pleura 48
Passavant's pad 80
pneumotachograph 81
pressure head 51
regulation 47

-46-

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