Principles of Experimental Phonetics

By Norman J. Lass | Go to book overview

Chapter 10
Auditory Processing
of Speech
Steven Greenberg Chapter Outline
Introduction
Relevance of Auditory Physiology to Speech Processing
Auditory Function
Anatomy and Physiology of the Auditory Pathway
The External Ear
The Middle Ear
Origins of Cochlear Frequency Selectivity
Phase-Locking and Temporal Cues
Lateral Suppression and Rate-Place Cues
Anatomy and Physiology of the Cochlear Nucleus
Anteroventral Cochlear Nucleus
Posteroventral Cochlear Nucleus
Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus
Spectral Representations of the Auditory Periphery and Place Coding of the Spectrum in the Auditory Nerve and Cochlear Nucleus
Rate-Place Information
Phase-Place and Latency-Place Information
Synchrony-Place Information
Liabilities of Place Models
Synchrony-Distributed Information in the Auditory Nerve
Synchrony-Distributed Information in the Posteroventral Cochlear Nucleus
Central Auditory Mechanisms
Auditory Scene Analysis
Information Coding
The Importance of Onsets
Amplitude Modulation
Frequency Modulation
Noise Reduction
Reliability of Coding
Clinical Implications
Implications for Models of Speech Recognition
Implications for General Models of Speech Perception
Implications for the Sound Patterns of Language
Energy Distribution
Prevalence of Spectral Maxima (Formants)
Prevalence of Voicing
Alternation of Long and Short Elements
High Intensity of Speech
Conclusions and Future Directions
Key Terms
adaptation 394
autocorrelation (AC) 389
automatic gain control (AGC) 364
characteristic frequency (CF) 371
coincidence detection 386
efferent 393
Fourier theory 365
frequency-threshold curve (FTC) 382
inhibition 376
lateral inhibitory network (LIN) 379
linear, time-invariant (LTI) system 363
low pitch 392
neural delay lines 389
nonlinear system 380

-362-

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