This volume represents an effort to shed light on one of the most challenging problems in the field of psychiatry—that of homosexuality. My basic orientation in assembling the papers that follow has been that causality in this area—no less than in most other areas of psychopathology—cannot be sought in any single factor but is multifactorial. Accordingly, I have tried to assemble relevant information in every sector of biological and social science that might elucidate the complexity of this problem—history, comparative zoology, genetics, endocrinology, sociology, anthropology, law, psychology, and psychoanalytic psychiatry.
One of the main difficulties underlying any discussion of the problem of homosexuality is that of definition. What, exactly, do we mean when we talk about homosexuality? Is it a state of mind or a form of behavior? Must it be conscious, or can it be uncon