and the Role of Women
in Ancient Greece
SAUL H. FISHER
The phenomenon of homosexuality and its determinants in ancient Greece have engaged the interest of numerous students of the problem of male homosexuality. Kinsey (1948) uses it as an argument for the bisexuality of men, and Freud (1962), in his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) uses it to buttress his libido theory. A fundamental question arises: What were the historical and social conditions in ancient Greece that gave rise to so much homosexual behavior? This paper is an attempt to answer that question, with full recognition of the fact that it is not a complete answer but merely represents one factor in the problem.
A few words about chronology: The Bronze Age in the Aegean area began about B.C. 3300. The beginning of Greek immigration was about B.C. 1800. The fall of Troy occurred in B.C. 1184. The year B.C. 1050 represented the beginning of the Iron Age and coincided with the Dorian invasion from the South and the Ionian colonization of Asia Minor. The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer were composed between the years B.C. 900-800. The outbreak