Psychology of Problem Solving: Theory and Practice

By Gary A. Davis | Go to book overview

PART II

Problem Solving in
Experimental Psychology

TRADITIONALLY, the major theoretical schism in psychology has been the near century-old dispute between S-R behaviorists and Gestalt or other "cognitive" theorists. Many of the basic arguments between the two schools lie in their "mechanistic" versus "mentalistic" views of human problem solving.

To the cognitive-Gestalt psychologist, a problem by its nature disturbs the equilibrium of the organism. Solving the problem, which restores psychical balance, is a matter of achieving "insight," a construct also known as cognitive restructuring, perceptual reorganization, illumination, or recentering. In Chapter 3 we will scan the highlights of the classic primate work of Wolfgang Köhler, early German Gestaltist. Brief reference also will be made to cognitive-Gestalters Lu

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