University Experience and Political Unrest
of Students in Buenos Aires
It is known that higher education has numerous effects on the lives of those who partake of it: expanding their knowledge, modifying their tastes, preparing them for occupations, introducing their mates. Its role in developing and shaping their political beliefs is not known, although in recent years this has been a topic of increasing theoretical and empirical interest. 1 In his work, Political Man, S. M. Lipset claims:
Education presumably broadens man's outlook, enables him to understand the needs for norms of tolerance, restrains him from adhering to extremist doctrines and increases his capacity to make rational electoral decisions. 2
Yet in her book, What College Students Think, Rose K. Goldsen gives evidence for increasing conservatism throughout the college years. 3 In contrast to the above, Philip E. Jacob, after an extensive review of the available evidence, has concluded that higher education probably has little or no effect on attitudes and values. 4 And Peter I. Rose has suggested that it is quite possible that each of the above conclusions may be true—under certain conditions. 5 This chapter is an attempt to illuminate some of those conditions.
Rose Goldsen has stated,
... If young people are exposed for four years to institutional norms and values in the very milieu in which they are explicit and authoritative, they will become socialized to the predominant values of that milieu and will come to acknowledge their legitimacy. 6
Thus, to the extent that the norms of the university differ from those of the society at large, systematic differences should be observable among the