A Review of Previous Studies
on Expressed Emotion,
Affective Style, and Attachment
IN THE Yale Psychiatric Institute Family Study (YPIFS) we have explored whether disturbances in the parents' early attachment relationships in their families of origin are associated with enduring tendencies to relate in negative ways to their adolescent and young adult offspring, and particularly to revert to negative affective exchanges in stressful face-to-face interactions. In focusing on the implications of parents' attachment with their own parents for the type of emotional climate that parents create in the family of procreation, our study has been influenced by recent developments in both attachment research and research in expressed emotion (EE) and affective style (AS). This chapter involves a selective review of the research literature in both attachment and expressed emotion, or affective style, and a synthesis of the findings into a model that has guided our family typology and associated treatment methodology. The more clinically oriented reader may wish to skip the in‐ depth theoretical discussion in this chapter and move on to chapter 5.
The EE concept originated in the research of George Brown and his colleagues in Great Britain, who observed higher rates of relapse among schizophrenic patients whose parents, in individual interviews, had been rated high on critical and hostile attitudes and emotional overinvolvement