Norman A. Krasnegor
This section of the book contains three chapters. Each of the works deals with the topic of compliance in terms of behaviors that will be useful in preventing threats to health. The first chapter reviews approaches for preventing the risks to the health of children at both the public health level for the population as a whole and at the level of the individual family unit. The second chapter reviews longitudinal studies of childhood obesity and discusses the compliance mechanisms that were likely responsible for reducing weight and maintaining the loss over time. The third work presents a conceptual approach, the social action model, for elucidating the health compliance construct and points the way for formulating hypotheses to empirically study procedures for enhancing health compliance.
The first chapter in this section, "Improving Compliance in Childhood Injury Control" by Edward R. Christophersen, is concerned with issues that relate to parental compliance with injury control prevention. Unintentional injury is by far the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric populations. Unintentional injury is of major public health relevance because, in aggregate it causes health problems greater than the next six sources of childhood illnesses combined. Christophersen employs childhood injury as an example not only because of his familiarity with the topic but also for its heuristic value in demonstrating the varied ways that prevention approaches can be mounted to control