This chapter presents techniques and strategies that research has suggested are most effective in modifying the behavior of children with ADHD and other impulse problems. Three techniques— contracts, response cost, and time-out-are discussed in detail; these are the most common strategies that parents will encounter in seeking advice from counselors, educators, and therapists. In addition, some techniques that should be avoided in working with ADHD children are presented, along with a discussion of the reasons these strategies tend to work against parents' efforts. As discussed in Chapter 5, researchers and clinicians suggest that parents first try to replace unacceptable behaviors with more positive ones, then try to supplement these attempts with techniques such as time-out and response cost.
Strategies that utilize rewards, tokens, or other reinforcers are probably the most common techniques parents use to increase