Madness and Democracy: The Modern Psychiatric Universe

By Marcel Gauchet; Gladys Swain et al. | Go to book overview

Index
absence, experience of, 98–99; signs of, 210
absorption, principle of, 78
acceptance, principle of, 71–72
Alhoy, Louis F. J., quoted, 302–3n.12
alienation. See insanity
alienist, and public opinion, 129–32. See also doctor (medical practitioner); names of individuals
alterity, 16, 126–27, 225–27, 258–61, 275
animality, of the insane, 112–13, 264
anthropological revolution, 271
arbitrariness, suspicion of, 299n.50
artificiality, of asylum milieu, 56, 76–77
asylum, 31, 136, 296n.32, 297–98n.39; absorption in, 78; artificiality of, 76–77; centrality in, 74–76; circumscription in, 76–78; as colony, 125, 129, 134, 293n.2, 298n.41; construction of, 49; as countersociety, 124–38; and curability, 230–31; dining halls in, 108–13; establishment of, 31, 43–48; failure of, 92–99; iconography of, 121; as instrument of transformation, 100–105; as island, 125–26, 291n.17; as laboratory for power, 68–74; meals in, 108–13; mobilization in, 78–79; and moral treatment, 43–48, 97–98; organization of, 80–82; pedagogy and, 12–13; as political laboratory, 13–14; practice of isolation in, 101–5; size of, 145; sleeping arrangements in, 105–8, 294–95nn. 14, 18; social condensation in, 75–76; solitude in, 95, 101–5; staff, 129–31, 134, 296n.34; therapeutic role of, 43–48, 129, 251–53, 288–89n.24; as village, 298n.40; women's 105–6; working in,classification, 113–16. See also asylum project; boxes (loges); confinement; dormitories; isolation; segregation; separation
asylum, woman's 105–6
“asylum moment,” 97–98
asylum project, 142–144; as experience of impotence, 95; failure of, 145; as totalitarian, 92–99. See also asylum
attention disorder, insanity as, 242–43, 248
authority: as control, 52–54; mechanism of, 53–55; as programming, 60–61; in treatment of insanity, 68–70
autonomy: human, 55; individual, 68–69
behavior, insane, 239, 292–93n.28; reasons for, 210
Bentham, Jeremy, 289n.3; on education, 64
Berthier, Pierre, 107–8
Bicêtre, 30, 110, 115, 119
body, human: and division of world, 269– 75; and locus of insanity, 150, 241–43; programming of, 52–53
Bouchet, Camille, quoted, 83
boxes (loges), 101–4, 108, 294–95nn. 2, 7, 14, 16. See also confinement
Cabanis, Pierre J. G., quoted, 292n.27, 294n.7
calendar, republican, 65
Camus, Armand–Gaston, quoted, 103–4
case histories: of Daquin de Chambéry, 198– 99, 305–6n.23; of Esquirol, 235; of Pinel, 214–16, 231
Castoriadis, Cornelius, 90
centrality, principle of, 74–76
change: in human beings, 63–67, 69–70; social, 56
character, formation of, 66
Charenton, 23, 26–27
Christianity, 272
chronicity, 39–43
circulation, principle of, 128–29
circumscription, principle of, 76–78
classification, of the insane, 75–76, 93–94, 164–66, 195, 236
class issue, among the insane, 109
coexistence, principle of, 108
coincidence, ideal of, 58–61, 94–95
collective consciousness, idea of law in, 60
collective model, 76, 105–8, 123–24
colony, asylum as, 125, 129, 134, 293n.2, 298n.41

-317-

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