Defining Public Administration: Selections from the International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration

By Jay M. Shafritz | Go to book overview

29
PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

Roger Wettenhall

University of Canberra

A business owned and operated by government.

For some, the whole process of development—of creating, fostering, and guiding the necessary social and economic forces for development, for which usually only the state has adequate resources and power—may be regarded as public enterprise. Mostly, however, the term is used within the discipline of public administration with a rather more precise meaning. A. H. Hanson (1959) was codifying from an already long tradition of scholarship, and from a series of significant United Nations documents in the early post-World War II period, when he offered this definition : "in a more restricted and more familiar sense ... (public enterprise means) state ownership and operation of industrial, agricultural, financial and commercial undertakings" (p. 115).

Although the idea of public enterprise has taken a battering in recent years, the practice is as old as civilization itself. In the more general sense, it was responsible for the planning and construction of vast schemes of flood control and irrigation along the major waterways around which the early civilizations developed; it built the Great Pyramids of Egypt and the Great Wall of China. In the more limited sense, it stored and distributed the grain, salt, and other staple foods on which those civilizations depended. Such enterprise was associated with systems of "hydraulic agriculture," or agriculture involving the control of water on a large scale: those were systems which both permitted and demanded intensive cultivation, clear division of labor and social coordination on a massive scale. The works already indicated were often accom

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Defining Public Administration: Selections from the International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Editorial Board *
  • Title Page *
  • Contents *
  • Preface vii
  • Part One - Overviews of Public Administration *
  • 1 - Public Administration 3
  • 2 - American Administrative Tradition 17
  • 3 - Feminist Theory of Public Administration 30
  • Part Two - Policy Making *
  • 4 - Policy 39
  • 5 - Policy Leadership 43
  • 6 - Policy N Etwork 65
  • 7 - Rule 73
  • Part Three - Intergovernmental Relations *
  • 8 - Intergovernmental Relations 83
  • 9 - Mandates 102
  • 10 - Government Corporation 110
  • Part Four - Bureaucracy *
  • 11 - Bureaucracy *
  • 12 - Bureaucrat Bashing 128
  • 13 - Bureaupathology 132
  • Part Five - Organization Behavior *
  • 14 - Organizational Culture 137
  • 15 - Groupthink 147
  • 16 - Mies's Law 151
  • 17 - Parkinson's Law 154
  • 18 - Peter Principle 156
  • Part Six - Public Management *
  • 19 - Public Management 161
  • 20 - Scientific Management 169
  • 21 - Management Science 180
  • 22 - Entrepreneurial Public Administration 184
  • Part Seven - Strategic Management *
  • 23 - Leadership 191
  • 24 - Strategic Planning 208
  • 25 - Mission Statement 230
  • Part Eight - Performance Management *
  • 26 - Productivity 237
  • 27 - Reengineering 249
  • 28 - Quality Circles 271
  • 29 - Public Enterprise 279
  • Part Nine - Human Resources Management *
  • 30 - Public Personnel Administration 295
  • 31 - Mentoring 307
  • 32 - Pay-For-Performance 315
  • 33 - Workforce Diversity 322
  • 34 - Glass Ceiling 339
  • Part Ten - Financial Management *
  • 35 - Financial Administration 345
  • 36 - Congressional Budget Process 355
  • 37 - Target-Based Budgeting 367
  • Part Eleven - Auditing and Accountability *
  • 38 - Audit 375
  • 39 - Accountability 382
  • 40 - Stewardship 396
  • Part Twelve - Ethics *
  • 41 - Administrative Morality 407
  • 42 - Standards of Conduct 416
  • 43 - Regime Values 420
  • 44 - Lying with Statistics 422
  • 45 - Whistleblower 428
  • Appendix - A Complete List of the Articles in the International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration 437
  • Index 447
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