Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art

By James Hall; Chris Puleston | Go to book overview

Notes and References

AITM: Ancient Indian Tradition and Mythology

SBB: Sacred Books of Buddhism

SBE: Sacred Books of the East


1: Abstract Signs
1
Bhagavad Gita, 10:32-3. See Bahm, A.J., Bombay, 1970.
2
Rev. 22:13, etc.
3
The Nispanna-yogavali by Mahapandita Abhayakaragupta. See Bhattacharyya, B., 1949, (English summary).
4
Wisdom of Solomon, 7:26.
5
Ezek. 9:4.
6
Giles, H.A., 1898, pp. 233-4. Jing-Nuan, Wu, 1991.
7
Shabaka Stone, British Mus., London.
8
Ps. 33:6-9.
9
Jing-Nuan, Wu, 1991.
10
Karlgren, Bernhard, 1950.

2: Animals
1
Provo 6:6-8.
2
Sallust, Bellum Jugurthinum, 10.6.
3
See Boas, G., 1950, on Horapollo.
4
Ramayana, Bk V, canto 31ff (Griffith, R.T.H., 1915).
5
Num.22:1-35.
6
See O'Flaherty, W.D., 1975, pp. 238-49. See also Rao, T.A.G., 1914-16, vol. 1, part 2, pp. 347-54.
7
Ovid, Met., 2.836.
8
Ovid, Fasti, 5.385-6. Achilleid, 2.381-452.
9
Ripa, C., 1970, s.v. Elementi: Aria.
10
Pliny, Nat. Hist., 8.33.
11
Homer, Iliad, 6.155-203.
12
Mark 14.66-72.
13
Called 'the drums of Chu-ko' after a famous Chinese general, Chu-ko Liang (AD 181-234) who set them up as alarm signals. See Giles, H.A., 1898, no. 459.
14
Rig-Veda. Rain-cloud cow is Prishni, see Griffith, R.T.H., 1920, 2.34.2, p. 301.
15
For Yoshitsune, see Joly, H.L., London, 1908, p.409ff.
16
Joly, H.L., 1908, p. 146f.
17
Aristotle, Historia Animalium, 9.10.
18
Diodorus Siculus, 5.72. Pausanias, 2.17.4.
19
Kageyama, H., 1973, ch.5.
20
Homer, Ody., 12.6ff.
21
John 1.32.
22
Isa. 11.1-2.
23
On the imagery of early bronze vessels, see Yetts, W. P., 1912; Linduff, K.M., 1979, ch. 7; Rawson, J., 1987.
24
Sometimes called a serpent or snake, but usually represented as a typical Chinese dragon. See Davis, F. Hadland, 1913, pp.28-30.
25
Philippi, D.L., 1969, 1.19.8-22, pp. 88-90; Chamberlain, B.H., 1932, p.75.
26
Rev. 20.1-3.
27
Hesiod, Theog., 820-80.
28
Bhagavata Purana, 10.15.47ff. See Dange, S.S., 1982, p. 170ff.
29
Satapatha Brahama, 6.1.1.10.
30
Werner, E.T.C., 1922, p.76ff.
31
Hyginus, Fabula, 77.
32
Musée Guimet, Paris.
33
Alternatively, the son of the goddess Bhadramana, see van Buitenen, J.A.B., 1973, 1.(7).60.
34
See Zimmer, H., 1946, pp. 103-4.
35
Thomas, E.J., 1949, p. 32.
36
Fo-Sho-Hing-Tsan-King: A Life of Buddha. (transl.) Beal, S.. Oxford, 1883 (SBE, vol. 19), pp. 246-9.
37
Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, (transl.) Seaton, R.C., 1912, 4.123-81.
38
Werner, E.T.C., 1932, p. 255ff.
39
Matt. 25.32-3.
40
Mahabharata, 3.183-90., van Buitenen, J.A.B., 1973.
41
Livy, History of Rome, 5.47.
42
Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, 218-38.
43
Exod. 10.1-20.
44
Pliny, Nat. Hist., 7.2.
45
Jataka, Cowell, E.B., 1895-1907, 1913. Bk. 4, no. 316.
46
Hesiod, Theog., 265-9.
47
Dante, Divine Comedy - Hell, canto 13.10-15.
48
See Rao, T.A.G., 1914-16, pp. 347-54.
49
Exod. 34.29.
50
Gen. 22.1-19,
51
Rig-Veda, Griffith, R.T.H., 1920, pp. 214-9, 1.162-3.
52
Bhagavata Purana, Skandha 5, ch. 18.6. (transl.) Tagare, G.V., 1978.
53
Jataka, Bk. 11, no. 460. (transl.) Cowell (note 45 above).
54
Or, in some versions a well of sea water, thus Apollodorus, 3.14.1.
55
2 Tim. 4.6-8.
56
Rev. 6. 1-8.
57
Gen. 4. 4-5.
58
Rev. 7. 9-17.
59
Judg.14.5-9.
60
Rev. 5.5.
61
1 Pet. 5.8.
62
Ovid, Met., 8.152-73.
63
See Harrison, J.E., 1927, p. 119ff; Breuil, H., 1952, p. 170ff; Janson, H.W., 1962, ch. 1.
64
Ovid, Met., 1.721-4.
65
Augustine, City of God, 21.4.
66
Pliny, Nat. Hist., 10.2. (transl.) Rackham, H., 940, pp. 293-5.
67
Rao, T.A.G., 1914-16, vol. 2, Part 1, pp. 65-9. (Coomaraswamy, A.K., 1927, p. 39, has surely misread Rao?)
68
1 Kings 17.1-6.
69
Mount Mashu, where the sun-god, Shamash, rose. See also Enuma Elish, 'Epic of Creation', tablet 3: Dalley, S., 1989, pp. 245, 247.

-217-

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Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art *
  • Contents *
  • Acknowledgements *
  • How to Use This Book *
  • About Symbols in Art ix
  • The Dictionary 1
  • 1 - Abstract Signs 1
  • 2 - Animals 8
  • 3 - Artefacts 54
  • 4 - Earth and Sky 98
  • 5 - Human Body and Dress 113
  • 6 - Plants 142
  • Collectives 163
  • Appendix - The Transcription of Chinese 216
  • Notes and References 217
  • Bibliography 222
  • Chronological Tables 225
  • Index 234
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