Social Comparison, Social Justice, and Relative Deprivation: Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Perspectives

By John C. Masters; William P. Smith | Go to book overview

effects may influence the seeking, processing, or consequences of comparison information in systematic ways that have as yet received little attention, either in theory or in research.

In short, we hope that this proposal to move the broad locus of consideration to generic comparison processes will provide a heuristic function to rekindle theoretical and empirical attention that will elaborate earlier theoretical statements and promote the application of research and knowledge from other areas of psychology (especially that concerned with cognition and affect) to this important area.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We wish to thank a number of individuals who provided comments on initial versions, especially Fran Aboud, William Graziano, John Levine, Diane Ruble, and Jerry Suls.


REFERENCES

Albert S. ( 1977). Temporal comparison theory. Psychological Review, 84, 485-503.

Anderson N. H. ( 1974). Cognitive algebra: Integration theory applied to social attribution. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 7). New York: Academic Press.

Bandura A. ( 1971). Social learning theory. New York: General Learning Corporation.

Barden R. C., Zelko F. A., Duncan S. W., & Masters J. C. ( 1980). Children's consensual knowledge about the experiential determinants of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 968-976.

Bower G. H. ( 1972). Mental imagery and associative learning. In L. Gregg (Ed.), Cognition in learning and memory. New York: Wiley.

Bower G. H. ( 1980, September). Emotional mood and memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Montreal.

Bower G. H. ( 1981). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 36, 129-148.

Brickman P., & Bulman R. ( 1977). Pleasure and pain in social comparison. In J. Suls & R. Miller (Eds.), Social comparison processes. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

Brickman P., & Campbell D. ( 1971). Hedonic relativism and planning the good society.

In M. H. Appley (Ed.), Adaptation-level theory: A symposium. New York: Academic Press.

Brickman P., Linsenmeier J, & McCareins A. ( 1976). Performance enhancement by relevant success in irrelevant failure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 149-160.

Cantor N., & Mischel W. ( 1979). Prototypes in person perception. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 12). New York: Academic Press.

Carlson C. R. ( 1985). Children's emotions and their responses to social comparison. Unpublished manuscript, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.

Davis K. A. ( 1966). The campus as a frog pond: An application of the theory of relative deprivation to career decisions of college men. American Journal of Sociology, 72, 17-31.

Festinger L. ( 1950). Informal social communication. Psychological Review, 57, 271-282.

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