It was 4 a.m. on June 25, 1950, a rainy Sunday morning at the beginning of the monsoon season when North Korea's artillery barrels flung shells and flame across a man-made dividing line called the 38th parallel. Skirmishes between the communist North and the non-communist South were not uncommon, but this was more than just another border raid. The big guns proclaimed a full-scale invasion by seven assault divisions of infantry supported by 150 Soviet-made T-34 tanks. The first
Above: President Syngman Rhee signs South Korea's Constitution, August 1949.