Having stumbled once into an ambush, Douglas MacArthur did it again. The Chinese presence in Korea was undeniable, but MacArthur believed—wrongly—the Chinese had been beaten because they were withdrawing. From his war room in Tokyo, MacArthur saw only a 60-mile distance between his front lines and the Yalu River. Now he ordered a final offensive to end the Korean War. He wanted the attack to begin November 15, but Eighth Army commander Walton Walker begged for some time to refortify his troops. Such an offensive required 4,000 tons a day of supplies, and Walker was only getting half that over his strained logistics lines. The attack was delayed until November 25, the day after Thanksgiving. Even then, Walker's army was short on ammunition, winter clothes and rations.
Above: U.S. tanks head south in retreat and ROK troops head north to try to stem the Red tide.