The deepest days of December 1950 were a turning point in the Korean War. A new ground commander was needed to replace Eighth Army's Walton Walker, who, like his mentor George Patton, was killed in a vehicle accident. Walker had presented a Silver Star to his son, Lt. Sam Walker, and was on his way to give an ROK Presidential Unit Citation to a British brigade. The general was killed when his jeep collided with a weapons carrier. (President Syngman Rhee ordered the South Korean truck driver put to death, but his sentence was commuted to three years in prison.) The 61-year-old Walker, who defended the Pusan perimeter by moving his combat units like the queen on a chessboard, was posthumously promoted to a four-star general.
Above: Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, Eighth Army commander, inspects front line positions with Maj. James H. Lee of Dallas, Texas.