WEARING TWO HATS
ARRIVED IN EUROPE on the morning of July 10, 1997, fifteen minutes late for the change of command ceremony for the U.S. European Command in Stuttgart, Germany. This was the top command in the Armed Forces, I figured, and had been since the days of Eisenhower. My position was what they called "double-hatted": I was to be Commander in Chief, U.S. European Command, abbreviated as CINCEUR, and simultaneously I would be serving at NATO in the position of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, or SACEUR. That second change of command ceremony would occur the following day in Mons, Belgium.
It had been a long overnight flight from Washington following the Senate hearing and confirmation the day before, and General George Joulwan was ready to get on with the ceremony. Joulwan was completing almost four years of command, following a three-year tour of command in the U.S. Southern Command in Panama. He had earned a fine reputation among the U.S. leadership as a strategic commander, and I had appreciated his confidence in me during the Dayton negotiations. It was an honor to follow him in command.
In the military tradition, the actual changeover was conducted on a