The History of Turkey

By Frank W. Thackeray; John E. Findling et al. | Go to book overview

Glossary

a
Akhi:

Masters of guild associations in medieval Anatolia. The akhis supervised both the commercial production of the guild and the devotional exercises of the members and their families.

Alevis:

The name by which the Shiites in Turkey are known. The name means “of Ali,” those who are followers of or devotees of Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad.


b
Beg (Bey):

Turkish military title. Its meaning has changed gradually over time. In medieval Turkey a beg was a commander or prince. In the classical Ottoman Empire, the title was given to provincial military commanders and senior officers below the rank of vezir. In the later empire the title, pronounced bey, meant a military officer. In modern Turkey, the word bey is a title of respect, used after the first name, for older men or adult men.

BMM:

Büyük Millet Meclisi, Grand National Assembly, the parliament of Turkey.


c
Caliph:

The title of the supreme ruler of the medieval Islamic world. It derives from the Arabic word khalifa, meaning “successor,” referring to

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The History of Turkey
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Preface xv
  • Preface xxi
  • 1 - Turkey Today 1
  • 2 - Ancient Anatolia 23
  • 3 - The Turkish Conquest of Anatolia, 1071–1517 31
  • 4 - Anatolia and the Classical Ottoman System, 1517–1789 43
  • 5 - The Late Ottoman Empire, 1789–1908 55
  • 6 - Revolution and War, 1908–1923 73
  • 7 - The Early Turkish Republic, 1923–1945 91
  • 8 - Multiparty Democracy, 1945–1960 115
  • 9 - Military Intervention and the Second Republic, 1960–1980 133
  • 10 - The Military Republic, 1980–1993 157
  • 11 - Turkey after öZal 175
  • Notable People in the History of Turkey 187
  • Glossary 203
  • Bibliographic Essay 213
  • Index 223
  • About the Author 243
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