Amherst, Lord (1773–1857): British diplomat who attempted unsuccessfully in 1816 to obtain diplomatic and trade concessions from the Qing dynasty.
An Lushan (703–757): General in eighth-century Tang China whose rebellion shook the Tang to its very foundations and began a long period of decline for the dynasty.
Cai Yuanpei (1868–1940): Early twentieth-century Chinese intellectual, educated in Germany and France, who transformed Peking University into a serious academic institution and an intellectually alive environment.
Chen Duxiu (1879–1942): Early twentieth-century Chinese intellectual educated in Japan and France who lampooned Confucianism in the pages of his magazine New Youth; cofounder of the Chinese Communist party.
Chen Shui-bian (1951–): Victorious candidate in Taiwan’s March 2000 presidential campaign, ending fifty years of Nationalist rule over the