A number of debts have piled up over the past ten years, as I became dependent not only on the goodwill of friends but also on the kindness of strangers. I would like to thank the directors and staffs of the Archivio Centrale dello Stato in Rome, the Museo del Risorgimento in Milan, the Archivio di Stato in Brescia, the Biblioteca Centrale of Florence and that of Rome, the Archivio Storico of the Bank of Italy, and Dott. Alessandro Franchini of the Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, who granted me access to the Luzzatti papers on short notice. Ann Baker Ward, Gary Wilson, and Mimi Riggs of the Interlibrary Loan Department at North Carolina State University helped in every way to track down often vague references to books and articles. They are the people who made the research possible. The Circulation Department at the Duke University Library allowed me to cart off volumes of the Atti parlamentari from 1882 to 1922. Joseph Winkler of the Saint Louis Public Library generously lent the volumes of Illustrazione italiana for 1903, 1911, and 1920, which is a rare thing for libraries to do these days. All the photographs in the present volume are from Illustrazione italiana, and we thank the Saint Louis Public Library for permission to reprint them. Caroline Weaver of the Special Collections Department at North Carolina State’s library and Sheri Thomas of the Agricultural Communications Department went the extra mile and beyond to obtain these photographs.
I owe thanks to friends and colleagues. Marion Miller, Philip Cannistraro, and Geoff Haywood read the entire manuscript in various stages; William Harris, Nancy Mitchell, Joan Stewart, Mary Ann and Ronald Witt, and Linda De Grand read parts. Joel Blatt, Will Dunstan, Tony Cardoza and Catherine Mardikes helped track down some difficult references. My friends in Florence, Luciana Capaccioli and Luigi and Caterina Lazzareschi, offered hospitality and advice, and made research on the manuscript a pleasure. My research would not have